关 键 词 ：对外汉语教学 偏误分析 同义词辨析“必然”“必定”学科分类：语言学--汉语研究
The teaching of synonym analysis has always been an important link in teaching Chinese as a foreign language, and there are numerous papers on synonym analysis. "Bi ran" and "Bi ding" are very representative words in Chinese synonyms, which show high similarity both in semantics and pragmatics. The differences between them in teaching should not be ignored, and foreign learners often make mistakes because of the subtle differences. This paper makes a semantic, syntactic and pragmatic analysis of the two words, finds out the types of errors and the causes of the errors, and according to the errors, puts forward the proper attitude towards the errors, as well as the teaching and learning countermeasures for teachers and students.